海都大酒店:固定汇率制下,贸易逆差的问题~

来源:百度文库 编辑:神马品牌网 时间:2021/03/01 13:02:16
When a country runs a balance of payments deficit under a system of fixed exchange rates, which of the following is NOT part of the automatic process?
a. a decrease in money supply will lead to a lower level of spending
b. an increase in unemployment will lead to lower wages
c. a decrease in aggregate demand will lower domestic prices
d. an increase in tariffs will reduce the level of imports
e. a decrease in domestic prices relative to foreign prices will reduce the level of imports

单选,请解释原因,谢谢~

个人认为是B项。
消除逆差的途径在于增加供给,同时减少社会的国内需求。
可以按照四部们模型下 供给=需求 来推导。
在固定汇率情况下无法发挥货币政策的功能,或者说货币政策对消除逆差的作用不大。